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(The author is a Professor in International Economics in Nagasaki University, Japan)
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The problem of Afghanistan cannot be solved unless we try to explain the recent history of that country in a realistic way. The Western failure to stabilize Afghanistan is due to its mistake to put forward a false propaganda as history.
British Empire preceded the most recent American Empire in Iraq and Afghanistan, in which the Britain is now a junior partner. Problem of Afghanistan is due to paranoid hostility of the Anglo-Americans against the Russian. The great game of 19th century between the Czarist Russia and the British is now being played with different actors but the ambitions of the parties are the same.
British are against the Russian for at least 150 years. British invaded Czarist Russia in Crimea to support the most dreadful Muslim Sultan of Turkey, who was also the Khalifa for all Muslims. British helped Japan in her battle against Czarist Russia in 1905 over Korea. The relationship between Russia and Afghanistan was close even at the Czarist time as the British were defeated in the first Anglo-Afghan war in 1839-42 because of the support Afghanistan had received from Russia. Since the Soviet Government was installed, Afghanistan had maintained close relationship with it, except for the time when it was occupied by Britain in 1930s. Modern Afghanistan was built with the Soviet assistance. Afghanistan, just like India in 1971, had signed a mutual military support treaty with the Soviet Union. Thus, there was no reason whatsoever for the Soviet Union to invade a fellow socialist country, Afghanistan in 1979, which was depended upon the Soviet Union for every single item until 1992, when it was occupied by Pakistan, in the guise of Muzzahadins.
This is the unpalatable truth the Anglo-Americans have decided to ignore. They put forward a different version of the history, which is far from the reality. In their history, the Soviet Union had invaded Afghanistan, then a socialist country, and Muzzahadins from Pakistan were the freedom fighters who drove away the Russian tanks with horses and country made rifles. They along with the Western media that had promoted the above version of mythology, rather than pointing out the real culprit Pakistan, are putting the blame of destructions of Afghanistan and the rise of Talibans on the Russians. They forgot that the majority of the Soviet army was drawn from its several central Asian republics (now independent countries), who were ethnically the same as the Afghans. They could not kill their own ethnic brothers and destroy their homes. There was no carpet-bombing on Afghan cities by the Soviet Air Force. All cities along with the major roads, airfields, universities, schools were in tact until 1992, except those in Pakhtia province in Eastern Afghanistan, occupied by Pakistan for a long time since 1978.
It was Pakistan that had destroyed Afghanistan and killed thousands of people. In the city of Mazar-E-Sharif alone, at least 5000 Afghans were killed by the Pakistanis, calling themselves as Islamic Muzzahadins, the organization that was created by the CIA in 1978 from the ranks of the Pakistani army. Muzzahadin was created by President Carter and pampered by President Reagan, during whose time Al-Queada was created as well by the CIA. Taliban was created by President Clinton. Now his wife Mrs.Hillary Clinton has the same people as advisers who have destroyed both Afghanistan and Yugoslavia for the sake of the Muslim terrorists: Zbigniew Brzezinski, Madeleine Albright, and Robin Raffael. This is the exact reason Mrs.Clinton and her advisers are so much interested to have a deal with the Taliban, which is nothing but an extension of the Pakistani army. This is also the reason why the Western media never blame Pakistan, a terrorist state that has supplied terrorists for all places of conflicts, Afghanistan, Bosnia, Kosovo, Chechnya, Kashmir, and has destroyed Afghanistan. Without knowing the history it is impossible for anyone to understand why USA now is so keen to hand over Afghanistan to Pakistan, the country the British had created in 1947 and the Americans have pampered since 1956.
The Pakistan army has provided Washington with an instrument for crushing or hindering progressive social movements, not just inside Pakistan, but also in South Asia. Close relations of both India and Afghanistan with the Soviet Union were anathema to Washington, which deployed Pakistan against both countries.
When a socialist government came to power in Afghanistan in July 1978, the U.S. decided to overthrow it using Pakistan as an agent. Zbigniew Brzezinski, National Security Adviser in the Carter administration, knew that the policy to invade Afghanistan by Pakistani army would, as he put it, "induce a Soviet intervention in Afghanistan". Brzezinski stated in a recent interview: "That secret operation was an excellent idea. It had the effect of drawing the Russians into the Afghan trap". When the Soviets came in December 1979 to rescue Afghanistan from Pakistani invasion, the U.S. poured $6 billion in military aid to Pakistan. The ensuing war destroyed Afghanistan, ending all hope of any progressive reforms.
With the withdrawal of the Soviets in 1989, Afghanistan became a centre for U.S. and Pakistani-backed international terrorism. Islamist fighters trained there poured into Central Asia and India, aiming to create a pan-Islamic state stretching from Kashmir to Kazakhstan. The Taliban was a CIA-ISI creation as well, and its relations with Washington only soured when the two failed to reach an accord on sharing the oil riches of Central Asia.
In 1989, the last soldier of the Soviet Union had left Afghanistan. A full-scale attack on the non-Muslims of Kashmir also had started in 1989 to drive them away from Kashmir. General Zia addressed a meeting of selected military commanders and top bosses of I.S.I. (Inter Services Intelligence) in April 1988 and said:
" As you know, due to our preoccupation in Afghanistan, I have not been able to put these plans before you earlier. Let there be no mistake, however, that our aim remains quite clear and firm and that is the liberation of the Kashmir Valley - our Kashmiri brothers cannot be allowed to stay with India for any length of time, now. By the grace of God, we have managed to accumulate large stocks of modern arms and ammunition from US consignments intended for Afghan Mujahideen. This will help our brethren to achieve their goals". Benazir Bhutoo, the darling of the Western media, was the main architect of that plan to turn Kashmir from " a heaven on earth" to "a killing field", as she with the help of Turkey turned Bosnia into hell by sending 20,000 strong Arab army trained in Pakistan to the former Yugoslavia to kill the Serbians there. Thus, the relationship between Pakistan, Muzzahadins and USA, which has promoted terrorism in Kashmir, Afghanistan, and former Yugoslavia, cannot be ignored.
Pakistan has invaded Afghanistan informally many years before the Soviets came to Afghanistan in December 1979. Major General Naseerullah Babar, later Interior Minister of Benazir Bhutto and the organizer of Taliban, said,
" In October 1973 an Afghan named Habibur Rahman Shaheed came and contacted me about setting up a resistance movement in Afghanistan with active military assistance of Pakistan. I conveyed the same to Zulfiqer Ali Bhutto, then the Prime Minister, who accepted my proposal in view of the changed situation in Afghanistan and asked me to organize training of Afghans. Thus, we established the base of Afghan Mujahideen resistance in 1973. We gave them basic infantry weapons, some specialized training in how to conduct guerrilla warfare. It was a top-secret affair and the secret was shared between Bhutto, I, Aziz Ahmad and Tikka Khan, then the Army Chief. Who were the pioneers of the anti-Daud Afghan resistance? They were Ustad Rabbani, Hikmatyar, and a host of others who came to Pakistan after October 1973. Mr Bhutto laid the foundation of the Afghan resistance in 1973. He had the foresight and vision to do it. As a matter of fact we created the organizational network which was used by Zia and the USA to oppose the Soviets." ("Remembering our Warrior-Babar the Great" in Defence Journal, April 2001).
If Pakistan was so opposed to Osama Bin Laden and terrorism, why then did it appointed a retired military general and Pakistan"s Interior Minister under Benazir Bhutto, Naseerullah Babar to create the Taliban? Major General Naseerullah Babar was a leader of the Jamiat-e-Ulema-i-Islami, which was a political party that controlled the Madrasahs (religious schools) where the Talibs (students) were recruited to create the Taliban. During the 1965 war with India, Babar was awarded Sitara-e-Jurat. In the 1971 war against India, he commanded an artillery brigade. Then he was appointed Governor of NWFP (North West Frontier Province) because of his close association with Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. He contested the 1977 election on a Pakistan Peoples Party ticket from his home district of Nowshera. In 1988, he became the Special Assistant to Benazir Bhutto to mobilize the Muzzahideens to destroy both Afghanistan and India.
A contingent of 20,000 heavily armed men was formed from the Harkat-ul- Ansar (HUA) terrorist group and trained by the ISI of Pakistan, which was then sent to Yugoslavia at the request of the Clinton administration. About 200 Pakistani Muslims living in the UK went to Pakistan, trained in HUA camps and joined the HUA"s contingent in Bosnia. In January 1993 already, a Pakistani vessel with ten containers of arms, which were destined for the Bosnia, was intercepted in the Adriatic Sea by the Greeks. Sophisticated anti-tank guided missiles were air lifted by the Pakistani intelligence agency, ISI, to help Bosnians fight the Serbs.
During an interview on Fox TV in the summer 2006, the former US federal prosecutor John Loftus reported that British intelligence had used the Al-Muhajiroun group in London to recruit terrorists with British passports for the war against the Serbs in Kosovo. One British of Pakistani origin took very active part in the civil war in Yugoslavia was Omar Saeed Sheikh. Omar Sheikh, at the behest of General Mahmood Ahmed, head of the ISI, wired $100,000 to Mohammed Atta, the leading 9/11 hijacker, before the New York attacks [as confirmed by Dennis Lormel, director of FBI"s financial crimes unit].
Omar Skeikh has killed the journalist Daniel Pearl of the Wall Street Journal, who has disclosed the link between Al-Queada, Pakistan"s ISI and the CIA. According to Benazir Bhutto Omar Sheikh also has killed Ben Laden later after his job of the 9/11 incident was completed (according to the statement of Bhutto on November 2, 2007 in Al-Jazeera TV channel). Thus, the link between Al-Queada, Pakistan"s ISI and CIA is obvious, thus raising serious question about the real purpose of the "war on terror" in Afghanistan. In recent past, particularly since 1978, USA and NATO has been actively helping Pakistan and their fellow Muslims to subvert all progressive governments in Eurasia. They could not understand that they are also helping the real ambition of Saudi Arabia-UAE and the rest of the Islamic nations to re-establish the Islamic Empire from France to the Philippines and from Russia to Sri Lanka and eventually turn the entire world Islamic. Because for people like Zbigniew Brzezinski and Madeleine Albright, containment of Russia in Central Asia is much more important than the Muslim terrorism originated in Pakistan.
According to Hasan Al Banna, founder of the Mujahideen movement, and the Muslim Brotherhood, ".the homeland of the Muslim expands to encompass the entire world; it is compulsory for every Muslim to establish a functionally Islamic society in every country on earth."
By refusing to understand the real aim of Pakistan, USA and its allies are playing in the hands of the Muslim terrorists. It is essential for the West to accept that there was no Soviet Invasion, but even before 1978, Pakistani army, financed by Saudi Arabia, UAE and armed by USA, dressed up as tribal invaded Afghanistan. When Kabul was about to fall in October 1979, then only the Soviet Union decided to send its army to defend Afghanistan against Pakistan. The Soviet army was not defeated. By 1985, the situation in Afghanistan was stabilized and Gorbachev has decided that the Afghan Army can defend its country; thus, there would no need for the Soviet army. In deed, the Afghan army defended Afghanistan until 1992, when the Soviet Union fell apart and the new President of Russia Yeltsin cut off all supplies particularly the oil supplies to the Afghan Army. Then Pakistan has destroyed immediately every cities of Afghanistan, killed thousands of Afghan people, and turned Afghanistan into a province of Pakistan until 2001.
Current problem of Afghanistan cannot be solved by handing it over to Pakistan, what now the Anglo-Americans, tired of continuous war along with depressing economic scene, now want. Both Russia and India must be included to help stabilize Afghanistan by removing Pakistan from the picture.
However, the purpose of the Anglo-American is not to help Afghans to have stable country but to have a permanent military base for NATO in the southern flank of the former Soviet Union, to stir up trouble among the Muslims in Central Asia, or Georgians, or Ukranian to eventually break up Russia into pieces just like Yugoslavia. This is the imperialism of the new century, elaborated by the adviser to Blair, Robert Cooper, in his book "Reordering the World", by saying, " All the conditions for imperialism are there, the weak still need the strong, and the strong still need an orderly world. When dealing with more old fashioned kind of states outside the post modern continent of Europe, we need to revert to the rough methods of an earlier era, force, preemptive attack, deception, whatever is necessary to deal with those who still live in the 19th century world of every state for itself" (pp 15-16).
With the destruction of the Soviet Union, Western countries are now free to re-colonize the former colonies and take back the economic and social rights of the poor people throughout the world. If a country does not welcome multinational companies, privatize its public industries and financial services, open up itself for free flow of imports, regime change will be imposed to create an orderly condition, a stable environment for the foreign capital. Because non-imperialist options like foreign aid and economic control by the IMF and the World Bank are not enough for the impatient Western countries to control the resources of the world. In this new imperialism, both Russia and India are standing on the way of the Anglo-American design for this "new world order" but Pakistan has a very important role to supply the terrorists in any countries the Anglo-Americans want to destabilize. This is precisely the reason, India can be ignored, but Pakistan would be the new agent of the Western world to control Afghanistan.
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